Cornell University

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* Twenty-nine Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Cornell as faculty members or students. The 2005–06 Cornell faculty included 3 Nobel laureates, a Crafoord Prize winner, 2 Turing Award winners, a Fields Medal winner, 2 Legion of Honor recipients, a World Food Prize winner, an Andrei Sakharov Prize winner, 3 National Medal of Science winners, 2 Wolf Prize winners, 5 MacArthur award winners, 4 Pulitzer Prize winners, 2 Eminent Ecologist Award recipients, a Carter G. Woodson Scholars Medallion recipient, 4 Presidential Early Career Award winners, 20 National Science Foundation CAREER grant holders, a recipient of the National Academy of Sciences Award for Initiatives in Research, a recipient of the American Mathematical Society's Steele Prize for Lifetime Achievement, a recipient of the Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, 3 Packard Foundation grant holders, a Keck Distinguished Young Scholar, 2 Beckman Foundation Young Investigator grant holders, and 2 NYSTAR (New York State Office of Science, Technology and Academic Research) early career award winners.

* Cornell awarded the nation's first university degree in veterinary medicine and first doctorates in electrical engineering and industrial engineering. It awarded the world's first degree in journalism (and taught the first university course in that subject), and established the first four-year schools of hotel administration and industrial and labor relations.

* Cornell endowed the nation's first professorships in American history, musicology, and American literature. It was the first U.S. university to offer a major in American studies.

* Cornell is the only Ivy League university that also is its state's federal land-grant institution; whose official motto is in English ("I would found an institution where any person can find instruction in any study"—Ezra Cornell); and whose board of trustees includes student, faculty, and staff voting members. It was the first among all U.S. colleges and universities to allow undergraduates to borrow books from its libraries.

* Cornell was the first university to teach modern Far Eastern languages. Cornell's Full-Year Asian Language Concentration (FALCON) program provides unusually comprehensive and intensive one-year study of Chinese or Japanese.

* Cornell University Press was the first university publishing enterprise in the United States and is one of the country's largest university presses.

* The New York-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center is a pioneer in biomedical technology. Its alliance with Columbia University's medical center and Houston's Methodist Hospital is one of the most extensive and effective health-care-provider networks in the nation, whose facilities include the Center for Reproductive Medicine and Infertility, AIDS Care Program, Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Greenberg Division of Cardiology, Institute of Genetic Medicine, Jay Monahan Center for Gastrointestinal Health, Pain Management Center, and Center for Vascular Biology.

* Cornell's 2004–05 research expenditures totaled $561.3 million ($381.0 million of this funding was from federal sources; $180.3 million was nonfederal).

* Cornell ranked third in National Science Foundation funding for programs in academic science and engineering in 2001–02 (the most recent data available).

* The Cornell Center for Technology, Enterprise, and Commercialization (CCTEC) encourages entrepreneurship and economic development (Cornell is one of the nation's top institutions in forming start-up companies, helping more than 40 in the last 5 years), fosters collaborations with industry, and helps to market inventions resulting from Cornell research. In 2004–05, CCTEC received 200 invention disclosures, filed 203 U.S. patent applications, completed 77 commercial license agreements, and distributed royalties of more than $4.1 million to Cornell units and inventors.

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